Updated: Jun 30

Small-scale rural communities in Zambia are dependent on rain-fed agriculture. Understanding farmers’ adaptations and the determinants of their adaptation strategies is crucial in designing realistic strategies and policies for agricultural development and food security.

The consensus by policymakers, practitioners, and researchers today is that adaptation to climate change is not happening at the desired pace. Frequent floods, land degradation, and droughts are some of the indications of climate change leading to agricultural productivity losses. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) defines human adaptation as “the process of adjusting to actual or expected climate variability and its effects to moderate harm or exploit beneficial opportunities.”

Inadequate capacity to adapt to the effects of climate change has resulted in global food insecurity which remains a worldwide concern for the next 50 years and beyond. This appalling situation is partly because of the elusive conceptualization of food security yet its indicators are oriented to one or more of its dimensions of availability, access, utilization, and stability.

Climate finance can play an instrumental role in increasing prosperity and climate resilience for the most vulnerable populations, including many small-scale farmers, rural entrepreneurs and their communities. It also provides an opportunity to reduce GHG

intensity through improved agricultural practices, sustainable natural resource management and more sustainable supply chains.

Therefore, Governments should make more effective use of public resources and policies targeting risk management and capacity building for climate-related finance and incentivizing conservation efforts at local level.

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